Human resources (HR) is one key that has a very vital role in the advancement of one country. There are a few countries despite of their less abundance of natural resources but yet could be one country that’s taken as a very modem country, take a look to Japan and Singapore. We can see that, they are very progressive and become a modem country because of their human resources capability.
If we’ve known that human resources is one key factor. Then how can we asses that our HR is better than other countries? UNDP (United Nations Development programs), one of the organization of PBB, has just released its annual report about human development index (HDI) 2004. the report shows that Indonesia is on the rank of III from 175 countries that’s being assessed.
If we want to compare with other countries in Asean, we could see that we are still left behind by them. Singapore is on the rank of 25, while Malaysia, the country that sent many students to Indonesia in 1960s, is now on the rank of 58. what about Thailand and Philipine ? They are on the rank of 76 and 83.
As usual our reaction to this report is ‘just usual/just so “nothing is special, especially from our official and bureaucrat. the reaction could be various from accepting the report, denying it, or maybe just ignoring it, of course the report despite of the ritual that has been published annually, some data may still need to be clarified, however, the report could be one of our sources to see our condition now.
As a matter of fact HDI is assessed based on three categories i.e. lonjevity, knowledge, and standard of living of certain country, technically, the categories are the indicators of health, education and economy. Health indicators includes infant mortality rate (IMR), under-five mortality and life expectancy-people not expected to survive to age 60. Meanwhile, education indicators will be based on literacy rate (more than 16 million people are illiterate), children reaching grade 5, enrolment ratio and other indicators. The last, economical indicator will be determined by poverty index.
After seeing this situation, how can we improve the situation? According to Ki Supriyoko, vice president of pan pacific association of private education (P APE), there are three keys that we can take from the experience of other countries in ASEAN i.e. vision, commitment and discipline.
On vision, we can learn from Malaysia that had made vision since 1999. the vision is Malaysia to ward 2020. Whoever will be the president, he/she must focus on achievement of this vision. Next, all efforts of the nation are focused to achieve this vision. Secondly, Thailand is a good example to learn about commitment. Even though Thailand and Indonesia equally experienced economic crisis in 1997, Thailand has a strong commitment to end their crisis. This can be seen from its officials who usually conducted ceremonial activities in the luxurious hotels, and it,s now moved to a simple or plain place that can cut unneccessary cost. The last is about discipline, Singapore is a good place to study, in this matter; This little country is becoming the center of the world because of their discipline. No wonder that PERC, Political and Economical Risk Consultancy (2004) gives award to Singapore as the cleanest country in the matter of corruption. Absolutely, the corruption can be kept low because of their discipline. Can Indonesia also have the vision, commitment and discipline? Please; ask to the grass that moves.
Source : Kompas, Tuesday, 20 June 2006 p.5.
Created by Enal
Presented at MAKES August 24, 2006